- Acute—for a short time
- Chronic—lasting for a long time
- Trauma or injury to the bone and skin
- Broken bones, especially if open to or sticking through the skin
- Soft tissue infection
- Kidney dialysis
- IV drug abuse
- Weakened immune system
- Poor circulation
- Sickle cell anemia
- Any operation on a joint or bone, such as a hip replacement or internal fixation of a fracture
- Bone pain
- Fever or chills
- Tenderness, warmth, swelling, or redness of the skin or joint
- Drainage of pus
- Fatigue or irritability
- Restricted movement of the area
- A sore over a bone that does not heal
|Skin Infection Spreading to Bone|
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- Blood tests
- Bone biopsy
- Clean infected bone via scraping and irrigating the area
- Remove any fragments of dead bone or tissue that may prolong the infection
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases http://www.niams.nih.gov
Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Bone and joint infections. Mayo Clinic Health Letter. February 26, 2001.
Carek PJ, Dickerson LM, et al. Diagnosis and management of osteomyelitis. Am Fam Physician. 2001;63(12).
Osteomyelitis. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/orthopaedics-rheumatology/diseases-conditions/hic-osteomyelitis.aspx. Updated September 3, 2014. Accessed June 11, 2015.
Osteomyelitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 8, 2015. Accessed June 11, 2015.
Osteomyelitis. Nemours' Kids Health website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/teen/diseases%5Fconditions/bones/osteomyelitis.html. Updated October 2013. Accessed June 11, 2015.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/19/2014 -