- Acute—for a short time
- Chronic—lasting for a long time
- Age: young children and older adults
- Sex: male
- Trauma or injury to the bone and skin
- Broken bones, especially if open to or sticking through the skin
- Soft tissue infection
- Diabetes mellitus
- Kidney dialysis
- IV drug abuse
- Weakened immune system
- Poor circulation
- Sickle cell anemia
- Any operation on a joint or bone, such as a hip replacement or internal fixation of a fracture
- Bone pain
- Fever or chills
- Tenderness, warmth, swelling, or redness of the skin or joint
- Drainage of pus
- Fatigue or irritability
- Restricted movement of the area
- A sore over a bone that does not heal
|Skin Infection Spreading to Bone|
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- Blood tests
- Bone biopsy
- Clean infected bone via scraping and irrigating the area
- Remove any fragments of dead bone or tissue that may prolong the infection
- Seek immediate medical care for infections or injuries.
- Keep diabetes under good control.
- Do not use illegal drugs.
- See your doctor for any sores that do not heal.
- If you smoke, quit .
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.aaos.org
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases http://www.niams.nih.gov
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Bone and joint infections. Mayo Clinic Health Letter . February 26, 2001.
Carek PJ, Dickerson LM, et al. Diagnosis and management of osteomyelitis. Am Fam Physician . 2001;63(12).
Osteomyelitis. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/orthopaedics-rheumatology/diseases-conditions/hic-osteomyelitis.aspx . Updated January 12, 2009. Accessed July 25, 2013.
Osteomyelitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 11, 2013. Accessed July 26, 2013.
Osteomyelitus. Nemours' KidsHealth website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/teen/diseases%5Fconditions/bones/osteomyelitis.html#a%5FCan%5FI%5FPrevent%5FOsteomyelitis%5F . Updated January 2010. Accessed July 25, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013 -
- Update Date: 06/07/2013 -