(Adductor Strain; Groin Pull; Pulled Groin; Pulled Groin Muscle; Strain, Adductor; Strain, Groin)
|Muscles of the Groin|
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- Stretching the adductor muscles beyond the amount of tension they can withstand
- Suddenly putting stress on the adductor muscles when they are not ready for stress
- Overusing the adductor muscles over time
- Getting a direct blow to the adductor muscles
- Participation in sports that require bursts of speed. This includes track sports like running, hurdles, or long jump. Other sports include basketball, soccer, football, or rugby.
- Previous strain or injury to the area
- Muscle fatigue or weakness
- Tight groin muscles
- Poor conditioning
- Imbalance of musculature
- Abnormality of bone structure
- Pain and tenderness in the groin area
- Stiffness in the groin area
- Weakness of the adductor muscles
- Bruising in the groin area if blood vessels are broken
- Popping or snapping sensation as the muscle tears
- Grade 1—Some stretching with micro-tearing of muscle fibers
- Grade 2—Partial tearing of muscle fibers
- Grade 3—Complete tearing of muscle fibers; this may also be called a rupture or avulsion
- Rest—Activities will need to be restricted at first. Normal activities will be reintroduced gradually.
- Ice—Ice therapy may help relieve swelling. Heat or cold may be advised throughout recovery if they provide benefits.
- Compression—Used for a limited time, compression bandages can provide gentle pressure to help move fluids out of the area.
- Elevation—Keeping the area elevated can help fluids drain out or prevent fluids from building up.
- Keep your adductor muscles strong to absorb the energy of sudden physical stress.
- Learn the proper technique for exercises and sports.
- Warm up your muscles slowly and stretch them properly.
American Council on Exercise http://www.acefitness.org
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Healthy U http://www.healthyalberta.com
Muscle strains in the thigh. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00366. Updated March 2014. Accessed March 10, 2015.
Sports-related groin pain. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 14, 2014. Accessed March 10, 2015.
O'Kane JW. Anterior hip pain. Am Fam Physician. 1999;60:1687-1696.
1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Massey T, Derry S, Moore R, McQuay H. Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(6):CD007402.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 03/2015 -
- Update Date: 03/18/2013 -