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- Metals, such as nickel—common in jewelry allergy
- Cosmetics and toiletries
- Sunlight or artificial light
- Plants, such as poison ivy
- Contact with an irritant or allergen
- Allergies to certain substances, such as plants, chemicals, or medications
- Crusting, oozing, and scaling
- Temporary thickening of the skin
- Wash the area with water and mild soap or cleanser and gently pat dry.
- Apply a barrier ointment such as petrolatum or petroleum jelly.
- Do not poke at or cut open blisters. They can become infected.
- Cover blisters with dry bandages.
- Over-the-counter or prescription creams and ointments containing cortisone
- Prescription medications containing corticosteroids, such as prednisone—for severe cases
- Prescription or over-the-counter antihistamines—may relieve itching in some cases, but not always useful for contact dermatitis
- Immunosuppressants—may be used in severe, resistant, and chronic cases
- Identify the allergens and irritants that cause the condition and try to avoid them.
- If you have to come into contact with these substances, wear gloves and protective clothing.
- Use protective skin cream and take care of your skin.
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology http://www.aaaai.org
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org
Canadian Dermatology Association http://www.dermatology.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Bourke J, Coulson I, English J. Guidelines for care of contact dermatitis. Br J Dermatol. 2001;145:877-885.
Contact dermatitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 22, 2015. Accessed September 28, 2015.
11/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Kütting B, Baumeister T, et al. Effectiveness of skin protection measures in prevention of occupational hand eczema: results of a prospective randomized controlled trial over a follow-up period of 1 year. Br J Dermatol. 2009 Sep 1. [Epub ahead of print]
2/24/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Dawe R, Ferguson J. Diagnosis and treatment of chronic actinic dermatitis. Dermatol Ther. 2003;16(1):45-51.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 09/2015 -
- Update Date: 09/15/2014 -