Getting to the Heart of a Healthy Diet: Alcohol
- Consult your physician to discuss its benefits and risks given your family history. Certain people should not consume any alcohol, such as pregnant women, people with liver disease, or those who are on certain medications.
- Moderate intake is considered to be one drink per day if you are a woman and one to two drinks per day if you are a man.
- Periodically review your use of alcohol with your doctor. You may need to change your drinking behavior if you begin to consume too much or experience harmful consequences as a result of drinking alcohol.
- Never drink alcohol if you are going to be driving or operating machinery.
- The alcohol or some other substance in alcoholic drinks may prevent platelets in the blood from sticking together. This, in turn, will reduce clot formation and the risk for heart attack or stroke .
- Flavonoids and other antioxidants in red wine may protect the heart and arteries.
- 12 ounces of beer
- 4 ounces of wine—It is important to note that a glass of wine usually means 8-12 ounces for most people. However the official size of a glass of wine is 4 ounces or 1/2 of a cup. Measure it once, into your wine glass to see what that amount actually looks like.
- 1-½ ounces of 80-proof spirits
- 1 ounce of 100-proof spirits
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence http://www.ncadd.org
Dietitians of Canada http://www.dietitians.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Alcoholic beverages and cardiovascular disease. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/NutritionCenter/HealthyEating/Alcohol-and-Heart-Disease%5FUCM%5F305173%5FArticle.jsp. Updated March 14, 2014. Accessed May 6, 2014.
Alcohol use disorder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 21, 2014. Accessed May 6, 2014.
Coronary artery disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 7, 2012. Accessed July 5, 2012.
Dietary interventions for cardiovascular disease prevention. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 22, 2014. Accessed May 6, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014 -
- Update Date: 05/06/2014 -