(Closed Joint Aspiration)
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Reasons for Procedure
- Find out why a joint is painful, swollen, or fluid-filled
- Drain fluid out of a swollen joint to decrease pain and increase your ability to move the joint
- Diagnose the specific type of arthritis occurring within a joint
- Confirm a diagnosis of infection in the joint
- Check for crystals in the joint fluid, which could be a sign of gout
- Infection of the joint
- Bleeding into the joint
- Increased pain
- Allergic reaction
- Infections on the skin
- Recent fever or infection
- Bleeding disorder
- Use of blood thinners
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
Description of the Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
- For the first 24 hours, ice the joint every 3-4 hours. Do this for 20 minutes at a time.
- To reduce discomfort, take a pain reliever.
- Ask your doctor when you can resume normal activities.
- Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions .
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the site
- Pain that is not relieved by your pain medicine
Arthritis Foundation http://www.arthritis.org/
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases http://www.niams.nih.gov/
The Arthritis Society http://www.arthritis.ca/
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org/
Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine . 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Co; 1998.
Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice . 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby-Year Book; 1998.
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov . Accessed October 14, 2005.
- Reviewer: John C. Keel, MD
- Review Date: 12/2011 -
- Update Date: 12/30/2011 -