(Leg Artery Bypass Surgery)
|Femoropopliteal Bypass Graft|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Reasons for Procedure
- Restore proper blood supply to your lower leg
- Relieve leg pain caused by a blocked artery
- Prevent the need for amputation
- Blood clots
- Adverse reaction to the anesthesia
- Organ damage
- Need for limb amputation
- Heart attack or death
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Talk to your doctor about your medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure.
- If advised by your doctor, take antibiotics to prevent an infection.
- Arrange for help at home after the surgery.
- The night before the surgery, have a light dinner. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
Description of the Procedure
Immediately After Procedure
- Fluids and pain medications by IV for the first 24-48 hours.
- An oxygen mask for the first 10-12 hours.
- An epidural in your back to numb the site and relieve pain may be left in place for the first 3-5 days.
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Use ice packs to decrease pain and swelling. A nurse will apply a cold pack to the area for 15-20 minutes each time.
- Wear boots or special socks to help prevent blood clots.
- Use an incentive spirometer, to breathe deeply, and to cough frequently. This will improve lung function.
- Watch the wound for signs of infection.
- Washing their hands
- Wearing gloves or masks
- Keeping your incisions covered
- Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the same
- Reminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
- Not allowing others to touch your incisions
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Severe pain in the leg
- Your leg becomes cold, pale, blue, tingly, or numb
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the incision site
- Nausea, vomiting, or constipation
- Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Lightheadedness or weakness
- Pain and/or swelling in your feet, calves, or legs
- Pain, burning, urgency, frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urine
- New, unexplained symptoms
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://www.heartandstroke.com
MacVittie B. Mosby's Perioperative Nursing Series: Vascular Surgery. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 1998.
Rothrock JC, Smith DA, et al. Alexander's Care of the Patient in Surgery. 11th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 1999.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -