(Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis)
|Cornea of the Eye|
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Reasons for Procedure
- Under- or over-correction of the cornea shape
- Fuzzy or blurry vision
- Poor night vision
- Seeing halos or sunbursts around light/glare
- Long-term dryness, scratchiness, or pain in eyes
- Correction may not last
- Permanent decrease or loss of vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses
- Need for additional laser or surgery
- Pre-existing eye disease, such as glaucoma, or abnormalities in the shape of the cornea, such as keratoconus
- Persistent eye infections, such as blepharitis
- Dry eyes
- Thin cornea
- Large pupil size
- Autoimmune disease, immunodeficiency, and other conditions, or use of medications that alter wound healing
- Any other form of fluctuating vision
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Complete eye exam
- Review of medications
- It is best to stop wearing your contact lenses at least 2-4 weeks before surgery. The length of time depends on the type of contact lenses and your doctor’s preference.
- Arrange for a ride to and from the procedure.
- Do not wear lotion, cream, make-up, or perfume the day before or day of surgery.
- You may be asked to scrub your eyelashes and/or use eye drops before the surgery.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Blood thinners
Description of Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
- Do not rub your eyes.
- Limit physical activity, especially contact sports for up to one month.
- Wear the eye shield at night as instructed.
- Take pain medication as recommended by your doctor.
- Use eye drops prescribed by your doctor to prevent infection and decrease inflammation.
- Do not put a contact lens or anything else in the operative eye unless instructed by your doctor.
- Do not swim in a pool, or use a whirlpool or hot tub for 1-2 months.
- Do not use cream, lotion, or make-up near the eye for at least two weeks.
Call Your Doctor
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, bleeding, or discharge from the eye
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Vision worsens
- Any other problems or concerns
Eye Surgery Education Council http://www.lasikinstitute.org
United States Food and Drug Administration http://www.fda.gov
Canadian Ophthalmological Society http://www.cos-sco.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Lasik-Laser eye surgery. American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Available at: http://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/glasses-contacts-lasik/lasik.cfm. Accessed July 16, 2013.
Medical devices. United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) website. Available at: . http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/ProductsandMedicalProcedures/SurgeryandLifeSupport/LASIK/ucm061270.htm. Updated March 22, 2013. Accessed July 16, 2013.
- Reviewer: Eric Berman, MD
- Review Date: 06/2014 -
- Update Date: 07/17/2014 -