- Fortified breakfast cereal
- Whole-wheat breads
- Orange juice and citrus fruits
- Green leafy vegetables, such as spinach, broccoli, and romaine lettuce
- Lean red meat
- Dried fruits
- Fortified breakfast cereals
- Low-fat or nonfat dairy products, such as milk, yogurt, and cottage cheese
- Fish canned with bones
- Green leafy vegetables
- Fortified soy milk or rice milk
- Fortified orange juice
- Other calcium-fortified foods
- Wash your hands before eating or preparing food.
- When preparing food, avoid cross-contamination of raw meats or poultry with other foods
- Cook meat to recommended temperatures
- Thoroughly reheat leftovers
- Avoid luncheon meats and hot dogs unless reheated until steaming
- Drink only pasteurized juice and milk
- Avoid raw or soft cheeses
US Department of Agriculture http://choosemyplate.gov
US Office on Women's Health http://womenshealth.gov
Dietitians of Canada http://dietitians.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://healthypregnancy.gc.ca
Artificial sweeteners and pregnancy. American Pregnancy Association website. Available at: http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancyhealth/artificialsweetener.html . Updated January 2013. Accessed August 27, 2013.
Health & nutrition for pregnant & breastfeeding women. US Department of Agriculture Choose My Plate website. Available at: http://www.choosemyplate.gov/mypyramidmoms/index.html . Accessed August 27, 2013.
Nutrition in pregnancy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated August 20, 2013. Accessed August 27, 2013.
Position of the American Dietetic Association: nutrition and lifestyle for a healthy pregnancy outcome. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002;102:1479-1490.
Pregnancy. US Office on Women's Health website. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.gov/pregnancy . Updated September 27, 2010. Accessed August 27, 2013.
The caffeine corner: products ranked by amount. Centers for Science in the Public Interest website. Available at: http://www.cspinet.org/reports/caffeine.pdf . Accessed August 27, 2013.
USDA national nutrient database for standard reference. US Department of Agriculture website. Available at: http://ndb.nal.usda.gov . Accessed August 27, 2013.
Vitamins and minerals during pregnancy. March of Dimes website. Available at: http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/vitamins-and-minerals-during-pregnancy.aspx . Updated March 2009. Accessed August 27, 2013.
11/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Christian P, Stewart CP, LeClerq SC, et al. Antenatal and postnatal iron supplementation and childhood mortality in rural Nepal: a prospective follow-up in a randomized, controlled community trial. Am J Epidemiol. 2009;170:1127-1136. Christian P, Khatry SK, Katz J, et al. Effects of alternative maternal micronutrient supplements on low birth weight in rural Nepal: double blind randomised community trial. BMJ. 2003;326(7389):571.
- Reviewer: Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
- Review Date: 09/2013 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -