- Eat a healthy diet.
- Exercise regularly.
- Do not smoke.
- Avoid excessive alcohol and caffeine.
- Talk to your doctor about preventive medications.
- Have a bone mineral density test.
- Talk to your doctor about your medications.
- Medications to suppress the immune system
- Gonadotropin releasing hormone
- Antiseizure medications
- Medications containing aluminum, such as some antacids
- Proton pump inhibitors
- Long-term heparin therapy
- Glitazones, medications to treat diabetes
Osteoporosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated July 15, 2013. Accessed July 22, 2013.
Osteoporosis overview. NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Bone/Osteoporosis/overview.asp. Accessed July 22, 2013.
What women need to know. National Osteoporosis Foundation website. Available at: http://www.nof.org/articles/235. Accessed July 22, 2013.
DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamicmedical.com/what.php: Cockayne S, Adamson J, et al. Vitamin K and the prevention of fractures: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166:1256-1261.
DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamicmedical.com/what.php: Lyles KW, Colón-Emeric CS, et al. Zoledronic acid and clinical fractures and mortality after hip fracture. N Engl J Med. 2007 Sep 26. [Epub ahead of print]
DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamicmedical.com/what.php: Reid IR, Ames R, et al. Randomized controlled trial of calcium supplementation in healthy, nonosteoporotic, older men. Arch Intern Med. 2008;168:2276-2282.
DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamicmedical.com/what.php: Carbone LD, Johnson KC, et al. Loop diuretic use and fracture in postmenopausal women: findings from the Women's Health Initiative. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169:132-140.
3/12/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php: Alekel DL, Van Loan MD, et al. The soy isoflavones for reducing bone loss (SIRBL) study: a 3-y randomized controlled trial in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91(1):218-230.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/20/2015 -