- Living or traveling in certain rural parts of Asia—According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there have been outbreaks of Japanese encephalitis in China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Thailand. These countries have controlled the disease through vaccinations. Other countries that still have periodic epidemics include Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, India, Nepal, and Malaysia. The CDC's Traveler's Health website provides the latest information for international travelers.
- Being a lab worker who might be exposed to the virus
- Remain in well-screened areas.
- Wear clothes that cover most of your body.
- Use insect repellents that contain up to 30% NN-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET) on skin and clothing.
- Use proper mosquito netting at night. Look for netting treated with insecticide.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Traveler's Health Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
CDC Japanese encephalitis home page. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/japaneseencephalitis/. Accessed November 19, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/japaneseencephalitis/. Accessed April 20, 2007.
Japanese encephalitis. Directors of Health Promotion and Education website. Available at: http: //www.dhpe.org/infect/jpenceph.html. Accessed April 20, 2007.
Japanese encephalitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Accessed April 20, 2007.
Japanese encephalitis vaccine. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/je-ixiaro.html. Updated December 7, 2011. Accessed February 24, 2012.
Vaccine is key to preventing outbreaks of Japanese encephalitis. UNICEF website. Available at: http://www.unicef.org/immunization/india%5F28555.html. Accessed April 20, 2007.
10/1/2013 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamicmedical.com/what.php : Reimer LJ, Thomsen EK, Tisch DJ, et al. Insecticidal bed nets and filariasis transmission in Papua New Guinea. N Eng J Med. 2013 Aug 22; 369(8):745-53.
- Reviewer: David L Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/13/2014 -