What Is Cinnamon Used for Today?
What is the Scientific Evidence for Cinnamon?
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6 Tabak M, Armon R, Potasman I, et al. In vitro inhibition of Heliobacter pylori by extracts of thyme. J Appl Bacteriol. 1996;80:667-672.
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8 Oishi K, Mori K, Nishiura Y. Food hygienic studies on Anisakinae larvae. Effects of some spice essential oils and food preservatives on mortality of Anisakinae larvae. Bull Jap Soc Sci Fish. 1974;40:1241-1250.
9 Veal L. The potential effectiveness of essential oils as a treatment for head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis . Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery . 1996;2:97-101.
10 Quale JM, Landman D, Zaman MM, et al. In vitro activity of Cinnamomumzeylanicum against azole resistant and sensitive Candida species and a pilot study of cinnamon for oral candidiasis. Am J Chin Med . 1996;24:103-109.
11 Imparl-Radosevich J, Deas S, Polansky MM, et al. Regulation of PTP-1 and insulin receptor kinase by fractions from cinnamon: implications for cinnamon regulation of insulin signalling. Horm Res . 1998;50:177-182.
12 Onderoglu S, Sozer S, Erbil KM, et al. The evaluation of long-term effects of cinnamon bark and olive leaf on toxicity induced by streptozotocin administration to rats. J Pharm Pharmacol . 1999;51:1305-1312.
13 Leung AY, Foster S. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Wiley; 1996: 168.
14 Harada M, Ozaki Y. Pharmacological studies on Chinese cinnamon. Central effects of cinnamaldehyde [in Japanese]. Yakugaku Zasshi . 1972;92:135-140.
15 Blumenthal M, ed. The Complete Commission E Monographs, Therapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines . Boston, MA: Integrative Medicine Communications; 1998: 110.
16 Perry PA, Dean BS, Krenzelok EP. Cinnamon oil abuse by adolescents. Vet Hum Toxicol . 1990;32:162-164.
17 Allen CM, Blozis GG. Oral mucosal reactions to cinnamon-flavored chewing gum. J Am Dent Assoc. 1988;116:664-667.
18 Mihail RC. Oral leukoplakia caused by cinnamon food allergy. J Otolaryngol . 1992;21:366-367.
19 Khan A, Safdar M, Ali Khan MM, et al. Cinnamon improves glucose and lipids of people with Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care . 2003;26:3215-3218.
20 Vanschoonbeek K, Thomassen BJ, Senden JM, et al. Cinnamon supplementation does not improve glycemic control in postmenopausal type 2 diabetes patients. J Nutr . 2006;136:977-980.
21 Mang B, Wolters M, Schmitt B, et al. Effects of a cinnamon extract on plasma glucose, HbA, and serum lipids in diabetes mellitus type 2. Eur J Clin Invest . 2006;36:340-344.
22 Wang JG, Anderson RA, Chu MC, et al. The effect of cinnamon extract on insulin resistance parameters in polycystic ovary syndrome: a pilot study. Fertil Steril . 2007 Feb 9. [Epub ahead of print]
23 Altschuler JA, Casella SJ, Mackenzie TA, et al. The effect of cinnamon on A1C among adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2007;30:813-816.
24 Suppapitiporn S, Kanpaksi N, Suppapitiporn S. The effect of cinnamon cassia powder in type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Med Assoc Thai. 2006;89(suppl 3):S200-S205.
25 Baker WL, Gutierrez-Williams G, White CM, et al. The effect of cinnamon on glucose control and lipid parameters. Diabetes Care. 2007 Oct 1. [Epub ahead of print]
26 Ziegenfuss TN, Hofheins JE, Mendel RW, et al. Effects of a water-soluble cinnamon extract on body composition and features of the metabolic syndrome in pre-diabetic men and women. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2006;3:45-53.
27 Akilen R, Tsiami A, Devendra D, Robinson N. Glycated haemoglobin and blood pressure-lowering effect of cinnamon in multi-ethnic Type 2 diabetic patients in the UK: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Diabet Med. 2010;27(10):1159-1167.
28 Lungarini S, Aureli F, Coni E. Coumarin and cinnamaldehyde in cinnamon marketed in Italy: a natural chemical hazard? Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment. Food Additives & Contaminants. 2008;25(11):1297-1305.
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 08/22/2013 -