(Paralysis; Loss of Movement)
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- Broken neck
- Broken back
- Spinal cord injury
- Genetic disorder (hereditary spastic paraplegia)
- Congenital (present at birth)
- Autoimmune diseases
- Tumor (either within the spinal cord or pushing on the spinal cord)
- Syrinx (a spinal cord disorder)
- Loss of movement or muscle control in the legs, feet, toes, or trunk
- Loss of feeling in the legs, feet, toes, or trunk
- Tingling in the legs, feet, toes, or trunk
- Loss of bowel and bladder control
- Sexual difficulties
- Blood tests
- Lumbar puncture
Emergency Medical Treatment
Therapy and Rehabilitation
Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation http://www.christopherreeve.org
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Spinal Cord Injury Canada http://sci-can.ca
Alisky JM, Nogo A. Protein neutralisation and motor cortex computer implants: a future hope for spinal cord injury [review]. Singapore Med J. 2007;48:596-597.
Faden AI, Stoica B. Neuroprotection: challenges and opportunities [review]. Arch Neurol. 2007;64:794-800.
Kruszewski SP, Shane JA. Pregabalin in central neuropathic pain associated with spinal cord injury: a placebo-controlled trial. Neurology. 2007;68:2158-2159.
Penas-Prado M, Loghin ME. Spinal cord compression in cancer patients: review of diagnosis and treatment. Curr Oncol Rep. 2008;10:78-85.
Sharma HS. Neurotrophic factors in combination: a possible new therapeutic strategy to influence pathophysiology of spinal cord injury and repair mechanisms [review]. Curr Pharm Des. 2007;13:1841-1874.
Shimizu H, Yozu R. Current strategies for spinal cord protection during thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011;59(3):155-163.
NINDS spinal cord injury information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/sci/sci.htm. Updated October 24, 2014. Accessed November 20, 2014.
What is paraplegia? Spinal Injury Network website. Available at: http://www.spinal-injury.net/paraplegia.htm. Accessed November 20, 2014.
7/8/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: FDA allows marketing of first wearable, motorized device that helps people with certain spinal cord injuries to walk. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm402970.htm. Updated June 27, 2014. Accessed November 20, 2014.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 11/2014 -
- Update Date: 07/08/2014 -