Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)
|0-6 months||0.2 Adequate Intake (AI)||0.2 (AI)|
|7-12 months||0.3 (AI)||0.3 (AI)|
|19 and older||1.1||1.2|
|Pregnancy and Lactation||1.4||n/a|
Major Food Sources
|Lentils, cooked||½ cup||0.17|
|Green peas, cooked||½ cup||0.21|
|Pork, lean||3 oz||0.81|
|Fortified breakfast cereal, wheat, puffed||1 cup||0.31|
|Wheat germ breakfast cereal, toasted, plain||1 cup||1.88|
|White bread, enriched||1 slice||0.23|
|Whole-wheat bread||1 slice||0.10|
|Egg, cooked, hard-boiled||1 large||0.03|
|Brown rice, long grain, cooked||1 cup||0.19|
|White rice, enriched, cooked||1 cup||0.26|
|White rice, unenriched, cooked||1 cup||0.04|
- Weak muscles
- Muscle ache
- Numbness and tingling in arms and legs
- Nausea and vomiting
Conditions That May Increase the Need for Thiamine
Tips for Increasing Your Thiamin Intake:
- Make a fruit salad with oranges, pineapple, orange juice, and cantelope
- Top a spinach salad with peas, pecans, and eggs
- Have a glass of milk with dinner
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics http://www.eatright.org
US Department of Agriculture http://www.usda.gov
Dietitians of Canada http://www.dietitians.ca
Healthy Canadians http://www.healthycanadians.gc.ca
Korsakoff syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 16, 2012. Accessed April 21, 2015.
Thiamin. Alternative Med Rev. 2003;8(1):59-62.
Thiamine. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 18, 2013. Accessed April 21, 2015.
Thiamin. Linus Pauling Institute website. Available at: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/infocenter/vitamins/thiamin. Updated June 2013. Accessed April 21, 2015.
Thiamine deficiency. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 28, 2010. Accessed April 21, 2015.
Wernicke encephalopathy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 19, 2014. Accessed April 21, 2015.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 04/2015 -
- Update Date: 04/21/2015 -