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- Viral, bacterial, or fungal infection
- Heart attack
- Inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus
- Cancer that has spread from a tumor near the heart
- Kidney failure
- Injury or surgery affecting the chest, esophagus, or heart
- Radiation treatment
- Certain medications used to suppress the immune system
- A weakened immune system that is not able to fight off infections and other diseases
- Any of the causes listed above
- Shortness of breath
- Fever and chills
- Pain when swallowing
- Weakness and fatigue
- Blood tests
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Acute pericarditis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 3, 2012. Accessed March 25, 2013.
Pericarditis. Texas Heart Institute website. Available at http://www.texasheart.org/HIC/Topics/Cond/pericard.cfm. Updated October 2012. Accessed March 25, 2013.
What is pericarditis? American Heart Association website. Available at http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/What-is-Pericarditis%5FUCM%5F444931%5FArticle.jsp. Updated February 27, 2013. Accessed March 25, 2013.
11/4/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. Available at: http://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Imazio M, Brucato A, et al. A randomized trial of colchicine for acute pericarditis. N Engl J Med. 2013 Oct 17; 369(16):1522-1528.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/14/2014 -