|Osteoarthritis of the Knee|
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Reasons for Procedure
- When other treatments, such as medications or physical therapy, have failed to improve function or pain.
- When pain limits your activities and affects your quality of life.
- As an alternative to joint replacement in people with limited knee damage.
- Joint pain, stiffness, or instability
- Loose joint
- Excess bleeding
- Blood clots
- Nerve and/or blood vessel injury
- Reaction to anesthesia
- Lack of improvement in physical ability or less than expected
- Chronic disease, such as diabetes or obesity
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
Description of the Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Pain medications
- Antibiotics to prevent infection
- Medication to prevent blood clots
- X-rays to evaluate the new joint
- Washing their hands
- Wearing gloves or masks
- Keeping your incisions covered
- Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the same
- Reminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
- Not allowing others to touch your incisions
Call Your Doctor
- Pain that cannot be controlled with the medications you were given
- Signs of infections, such as fever and chills
- Signs of infection at the incision site, such as warmth, redness, or excess drainage
- Worsening joint stiffness, pain, or instability
- Numbness or tingling in your arms, fingers, legs, or toes
- Shortness of breath
- Rapid breathing
- Chest pain that occurs when you breathe or cough
- Spitting blood
- Leg swelling and tenderness
- Pain in the groin or buttocks
- Swelling in the thigh
- Redness, warmth, or skin discoloration
American College of Surgeons http://facs.org
Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.org
Canadian Association of General Surgeons http://www.cags-accg.ca
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Hip resurfacing. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00586. Updated June 2010. Accessed February 26, 2014.
Joint resurfacing. Colorado Springs Orthopaedic Group website. Available at: http://www.csog.net/AreasofExpertise/JointResurfacing.aspx#HipResurfacing. Accessed February 26, 2014.
Knee joint resurfacing surgery. Massachusetts General Hospital website. Available at: http://www.massgeneral.org/ortho/services/sports/rehab/Knee%20Joint%20Resurfacing%20Protocol.pdf. Accessed February 26, 2014.
Shoulder joint replacement. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00094. Updated December 2011. Accessed February 26, 2014.
Total hip arthroplasty. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 20, 2014. Accessed February 26, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 12/2014 -