(AVM; Arteriovenous Malformations of the Brain; Arteriovenous Malformations of the Spine; AMB)
|Arteriovenous Malformation in the Brain|
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- Family history—some types of arteriovenous malformations are from genetic defects that can be passed on from one generation to the next.
- History of bleeding—some types of arteriovenous malformations are linked to an increased risk of bleeding. People with unexplained recurrent bleeding may be at higher risk of having arteriovenous malformations.
- Headache, especially on one side of the head
- Muscle weakness
- Loss of movement on one side of the body
- Unable to perform movements, but not due to loss of movement
- Loss of coordination, especially when walking
- Sudden, severe back pain
- Difficulty speaking or understanding language
- Loss of senses
- Visual problems
- Memory loss
- Difficulty thinking or mental confusion
- Angiography or arteriography
- Computed axial tomography (CT scan or CAT scan)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA)
Learn about ways to avoid high blood pressure, such as:
- Avoid heavy lifting.
- Stop smoking.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Limit alcohol.
- Eat a healthy diet that is low in sodium.
- Avoid blood thinners, if possible.
- Continue to see your doctor and a neurologist to regularly check the condition of your arteriovenous malformation.
American Stroke Association http://www.strokeassociation.org
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov
HealthLink BC http://www.healthlinkbc.ca
The Toronto Brain Vascular Malformation Study Group http://brainavm.uhnres.utoronto.ca
Arteriovenous malformation information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/avms. Updated February 4, 2013. Accessed August 7, 2013.
Choi JH, Mohr JP. Brain arteriovenous malformations in adults. Lancet Neurology. 2005; 4(5):299-308.
Geibprasert, et al. Radiologic assessment of brain arteriovenous malformations: what clinicians need to know. Radiographics. 2010;30(2):483-501.
Ogilvy CS, Stieg PE, et al. Recommendations for the management of intracranial arteriovenous malformation: a statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stoke Council, American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2001;32:1458.
Van Beijnum J, et al. Treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations: a systematic review and metanalysis. JAMA. 2011;306(18):2011-2019.
What is an arteriovenous malformation (AVM)? American Stroke Association website. Available at: http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/AboutStroke/TypesofStroke/HemorrhagicBleeds/What-Is-an-Arteriovenous-Malformation-AVM%5FUCM%5F310099%5FArticle.jsp. Updated February 20, 2013. Accessed August 7, 2013.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -